Judges may retire at the age of 50, having a work experience of at least 20 years.  They may also claim a pension benefit alongside with the salary. 17 of 27 judges of the Supreme Court, including the court president, are retirees. In addition to salaries of over 20 thousand lei, they also receive a pension of over 10 thousand lei, exactly in the same way as a part of magistrates of the Supreme Council do. Some of them have large pensions because they won cases against the National Social Insurance House (CNAS) asking to recalculate their pensions.

Pensioners with real estate exceeding 1 million lei

Ten of Supreme Court judges, who benefit from a retired pay, have a property with a value exceeding or reaching one million lei. These are the following judges: Alergus, Filincova, Gordila, Moldovan, Sîrcu, Ursache, Stratulat, Timofti, Vieru and Poalelungi.

constantin-alergus.jpgConstantin Alergus has been a judge of the Supreme Court since 2005.  In 2015, the judge, together with his wife, had an income of 606 271 lei, obtained from salaries, teaching activities, pensions and war indemnities.  

The family had no new purchases in 2015. The judge declared two plots of land worth 137 378 lei, an unfinished house, worth 578 983 lei, and another inherited real estate object (1/2) amounting to 1,774,268 lei.

The judge also has a car worth 15 thousand euros, salary cards and 15 bonds of the agency  Moldagroconstructia SA, amounting to 10 lei each.

According to the portal avere.md, Constantine Alerguş failed to declare the acquisition of a car in 2011, and consequently, in his statements for the years 2012 and 2013 he did not show that he owned that car, thus violating the current law.

sfetlana.jpgSvetlana Filincova has been working for the Supreme Court since 2007.  She also served as the vice president of the court.

In 2015, the judge had an income of almost half a million lei, obtained from salaries, her own and her spouse’s pensions, as well as from the alienation of a plot of land. She has not made any acquisitions in that year.

Filincova is among the judges, who own valuable property, most of it obtained in 2012. The judge has a house worth over 2 mln lei, an apartment, exceeding 300 thousand lei, and another real estate object amounting to 100 thousand lei.

In addition, Filincova declares 3 plots of land with the cumulative value of almost half a million lei. The judge also has a debit account of 2,000 euros.

In a top made ​​by ZDG in 2013 "Top 10: Cars of Supreme Court Magistrates", Filincova ranked the second, after the court president. She declared at that time that she owned two Toyotas worth 300 thousand lei. According to ZDG, in her wealth statement for 2012, the judge forgot to indicate that she owned a Porsche Cayenne, worth 612 thousand lei, registered to her husband. In her statement for 2015, she declared only the Toyota car worth 50 thousand lei and a trailer worth 1,000 lei.

Along with other four judges, Filincova appears in the top, carried out by the portal bani.md "10 richest women among the public figures of Moldova", where she ranked the seventh.

The name of the judge appeared in many mass media articles, especially for being involved in the defrauding of the Integrated Case Management. The president of Supreme Court of Magistrates, Victor Micu, accused her of interfering in the distribution of court cases, using the option of blocking the users.

Supposedly, Filincova assigned to herself cases, involving millions of dollars. Following one of such cases, the judge submitted her resignation from the position of vice-president of the Supreme Court, as well as from that of President of the Civil, Commercial and Administrative Board.

According to ZDG, in December 2014, Filincova came into the notice of National Integrity Commission (CNI) who checked her declaration of income and property. Members of National Integrity Commission found that the judge had not declared her salary of about 13 thousand lei, her husband’s revenues of 358 thousand lei, two Porsche Cayenne cars (this property does not appear in her declaration for 2015 either) and a Toyota Auris used by her husband, as well as an accessory building of 36 sq. m.  The acknowledgement was submitted to General Prosecutor's Office to initiate a criminal case against the judge, only that it did not work, because in June 2015, the judge of the Rascani District Court, Gheorghe Matu, decided to cancel the acknowledgement of the National Integrity Commission, "as being illegal and issued in violation of the established procedure".  

In 2013, the President Timofti awarded Filincova with the Order of Labour Glory.

Nicolae Gordila came to the Supreme Court of Justice in 2007. In 2015, he received a salary of 263 thousand lei and a pension of 155 thousand lei. His wife, who is employed at a law office, had a salary of 26 thousand lei.

Last year, the judge sold a car, worth 167 thousand lei and bought other two, one worth 50825 lei and the other 313 082 lei.

Gordila has financial assets worth over 2,000 euros, Hermes Daac privatization vouchers worth 304 thousand lei, along with his colleague Valentina Clevadî, and 9 shares in Chisinau Hotel.

The official also declares two land plots, amounting to 460 thousand lei, a house worth over 2 mln lei, a rest home worth about 27 thousand lei and an office amounting to 29 thousand lei. According to ZDG, the house was fraudulently built on the sports ground of a school in the capital.

Gordila is one of the magistrates, concerned in the case that Moldova lost at the ECHR in 2012. He is among the seventeen magistrates awarded in 2014 by President Nicolae Timofti, even if in 2013 he came into the notice of the National Integrity Commission.

In 2015, Gordila was proposed as vice president of Supreme Court of Justice instead of Svetlana Filincova, who had been dismissed after the scandal with the distribution of cases.

moldovan.jpgSvyatoslav Moldovan has been serving the Supreme Court of Justice since 2003. In 2015, Moldovan’s family accumulated an income of about 600 thousand leis from salaries, pensions, stock exchange, financial and lease deposits.

The judge says that he opened six salary cards in 2015 and paid 12445 lei for an apartment purchased under an investment contract in 2014.

Svyatoslav Moldovan owns 3 apartments, totaling 1.8 million lei. The judge also declares a car worth only 10 thousand lei, financial assets of about 200 thousand lei, and 692 thousand liabilities arising in 2014. Moldovan also holds 240 shares in Alfa-Nistru SA.

In 2008, he was in the list of persons, responsible for Moldova’s loss of cases at the ECHR. Although he had two cases that reached the ECHR, S. Moldovan was awarded first class honors in 2013.

iu_sarcu2.jpgIulia Sîrcu has an experience of 4 years in the Supreme Court of Justice. In 2015, she received, besides a salary of 281 thousand lei, one of the largest pensions, offered by the SCJ - 201 thousand lei. Her husband, who serves as a prosecutor, had salary of 158 thousand lei, and a pension of 72 thousand lei. The judge obtained another 12 thousand lei from teaching and about 20 thousand lei as an interest rate.

As for the real estate property, Iulia Sîrcu owns a land plot of 300 thousand lei, a house of 700 thousand lei, an apartment of more than 300 thousand lei and a basement of about 17 thousand lei.

The judge is also the owner of a car, totaling about 74 000 lei, financial assets of 765 thousand and 106 shares in the company Zorile SA per 18 lei each.

Iulia Sîrcu ranked the third in the "Top 10 richest women among the public figures of Moldova" carried out by the portal bani.md, the same top, where Filincova ranked the seventh.

 In 2015, Julia Sîrcu’s daughter, Diana Scobioală, became the director of the National Institute of Justice (7 votes out of 12 possible), an institution, which engages more judges from the Supreme Court of Justice, as well as from the Supreme Council of Magistrates. Judge's daughter was a member of the Board that evaluated the performance of judges of the Superior Council of Magistrates (CSM).  

In April 2014, President Timofti awarded the judge with the Order of Labour Glory.

418-casa-ursache.jpgPetru Ursache has been in the Supreme Court of Justice since 2007 and served as vice president of the institution. In 2015, he received a salary of 286 lei due to his activities in the SCJ and about 3000 lei from teaching activities, he also benefited of a pension of 179 thousand lei.

The judge had no acquisitions in 2015. The value of some of his assets is indicated in Russian rubles: a house of 10385 rubles and a car, amounting to 11500 rubles. The value of 4 land plots, although he owns 5, is indicated in Moldovan lei (773 922); a house (1326331 lei- officially declared value, 3-4 million market value) and a car (12000).

The magistrate also declares that he holds investments totaling 368 thousand lei in Vork-Invest Fund. Ursache is among those judges who lost cases at the ECHR, but still he was decorated with the Order of Honor in 2012.

stratulat.jpgGalina Stratulat has an experience of 13 years at SCJ. In 2015, the judge had a salary of 258 thousand, a pension of 162 thousand and about 30 thousand lei obtained from deposits at financial institutions.

The magistrate owns a flat, worth over one million lei, obtained in 2014 as a donation in exchange for life maintenance. She also has a car worth 375 thousand (the magistrate ranks the 4th among the "Top 10 most luxurious cars of the judges of the Supreme Court" carried out by ZDG),  financial assets, totaling 472 thousand and 960 shares at DAAC-Hermes, as it is known, her colleagues, Valentina Clevadî and Nicolae Gordila, also have shares in this institution.

In 2013, her son, Sergiu Stratulat, was detained driving drugged and without a driving license, while the car he was driving had been wanted for 80 violations.

vladimir_timofti (1).jpgVladimir Timofti has been serving SCJ for 13 years. In 2015, he obtained an income of 246 thousand lei from salaries, 162 thousand lei from pensions, 7.7 thousand lei from his teaching activities. His wife, who is a notary public, had a salary income of 775 thousand lei.

Timofti’s family owns 3 land plots with a total value of 370 thousand lei; a house worth 1.3 mln lei; a garage worth about 100 thousand lei and 3 cars, totaling 300 thousand lei (Timofti is also in the top "10 most luxurious cars of the judges of the Supreme Court").

The judge also declared some financial assets worth 45 lei, 21 euro 21 and 333 dollars. In his statement, the magistrate noted that he had invested over 10 thousand euro in the construction of an apartment building that was never finished because the firm that handled it entered into an insolvency process.

tatiana_vieru_csj.jpgTatiana Vieru came to the SCJ in 2013. In 2015, she had a salary of 246 lei and  a pension of 162 lei, in addition she obtained 27 thousand lei by way of dividends.

The judge had no acquisitions in 2015, but she opened two accounts: one of 18219 lei and another of 6,180 dollars. In addition, the judge has other 5 accounts in the national currency and in euro, a part of which were closed in the years 2015 - 2016. In total, the financial assets of magistrates are 213 thousand lei, 17 thousand euros and 16 thousand dollars.

As for real estate  property,  Vieru nearly reaches 1 million. Judge declares a plot of land of 75 thousand lei, 2 apartments (one worth 616 thousand and the other 213 thousand lei) and a villa worth 169 thousand lei. Vieru failed to indicate the value car she owns. She is the 4th holder of Daac-Hermes shares (300 shares).

Salary and Pension is the Greatest Wealth for the Judges Oprea and Doaga

oprea_iuliana.jpgIuliana Oprea has been serving the SCJ for 12 years. However, the judge does not declare too much of wealth.

In 2015, she had a salary of 254 thousand lei and a pension of 162 thousand lei. Another 30 thousand lei was her husband's pension. Oprea did not declare any other source of income.

The goods declared by the judge were of  insignificant value: 2 land plots (about 44 thousand lei worth), buildings (worth about 75 thousand lei), a car (2000 lei) and 2 shares in yeast factory.

Unlike Covalenco and Nikolaev, who requested cheap apartments, but subsequently withdrew from the list, Oprea remained in the list of magistrates, requesting cheap apartments.  

Oprea comes before the magistrates, who had the most complaints, thus during the protest, held in March 2013, a group of 80 young people chanted "Oprea and law are incompatible", demanding dismissal of the judge. According to the newspaper "Молдавские ведомости", Iuliana Oprea, alongside with the judges Nicolae Clima and Vera Macinskaia are the top three most corrupt judges from the Supreme Court of Justice. The latter two do not work within the institution any more.

metodol_cpc_1.jpgValeriu Doaga has been serving the SCJ for 10 years already. In 2015, Doagă and his wife, a teacher at a school in capital, obtained high salaries totaling 344 423 lei. The spouses have had an income of 172 123 lei from other sources (pension, scholarship, etc.).

Doaga’s family does not boast of any impressive real estate property. The judge declares a site but does not specify its value, a dwelling house, worth less than 65 thousand lei, and a car, which is about 10 thousand lei more expensive than the house. The judge also declared 21 actions to Fratie-94 SA, 10 lei each.

According to an article, published in Ziarului National (national newspaper), Valeriu Doaga is one of the judges who contributed to the "legalization" of the withdrawal  of the islands from the La Izvor Park with an area of over one hectare.

In 2013, he was awarded the Order of Honor as a sign of high appreciation of his special merits to the state for the prodigious activity and highly professional skills.

Diaconu had revenues of 3.8 mln lei in 2015

Iurie Diaconu has been serving the SCJ since 2008. In 2015, in addition to the income of 429 294 lei, obtained from salaries (including that of his wife), pensions and teaching activities, Diaconu had an additional income of 3.3 million lei, obtained from alienation of several real estate objects. The remaining real assets of the judge include a site worth 426 912 lei, an apartment amounting to 647 407 lei and garage, worth 46 927 lei.

Diaconu also owns 2 cars with a total value of 201 553 lei. The judge also declares financial assets of less than 1000 lei.

Even if he is among the few judges, who have not taken decisions that would have breached the provisions of the ECHR, Diaconu’s name  is connected to the release of the criminal Ion Druţă, known in the criminal world as "Vanya Pisateli" (the writer)  after he had been sentenced to 20 years in jail for ordering a triple murder.  For this, the judge had only a disciplinary sanction.

Clevadi and Covalenco without cars

If some of the SCJ judges entered the top of "10 most luxurious cars of the judges of the Supreme Court", carried out by the ZDG, two judges do not declare any cars owned. These are the magistrates Valentina Clevadî and Elena Covalenco.

Valentina Clevadi has already has a 10- year experience in the CSJ. The judge’s salary in 2015 reached 245 thousand lei. Clevadî obtained another 2000 from financial deposits. The judge had retired pay reaching nearly 200 thousand lei, unlike her husband, who had a 20 times smaller pension.

The judge declares a dwelling house worth 769 634 lei and a plot of land amounting to 248 318 lei. Officially, Clevadi has no car. In 2015, the judge opened a bank deposit of 272 thousand lei, which was supposedly closed in the same year. Another deposit, worth 262 thousand lei, was closed in 2015.

In her statement for 2015, Valentina Clevadi indicates that she holds shares in three companies: Aur Alb Cereals Plant (40 shares),Yol Yapagisa SA (100 shares) and Group Hermes SA (366 shares). Shares in these companies are also held by the Liberal MP Ion Apostol (304 shares), the socialist MP Eduard Smirnov (464 shares) and three other judges from the SCJ.

In 2013, Aur Alb Cereals Plant signed a contract for wheat storage services with the Executive Committee of Gagauzia worth 524 400 lei. Yol Yapagisa in 2013 signed a contract worth 10 thousand lei with the municipality of Ceadir-Lunga, for cleaning and sanitizing services. Hermes Group benefits from state contracts. This was described in his article "Owners of Public Procurements in 2015".

The judge is considered one of the “excellent” magistrates, although she had two cases that reached the ECHR and some other dubious cases, where decisions were made to the detriment of the state.

Elena Covalenco has been a judge at the SCJ since 2008. In 2015, the judge received a salary of 238 491 lei and a pension of 155 750 lei.

In 2010, Covalenco came into the possession of three plots of land with a total value of about 11 thousand lei. Also in the category of real estate, Covalenco declares an apartment, privatized in 2004. Although she owns a third of an apartment in Chisinau, as well as some plots of land, Elena Colavenco, appeared on the list of applicants for improved living conditions, but later she changed her mind and withdrew her name from the list.

Unlike many of her colleagues, Covalenco has no car. She declares that she holds shares in the Cereal Products Plant SA in Chisinau and in Acva-Gaz SA (liquidated) , however she claims to have no revenues from these shares. Also, Covalenco says that she invested in the housing construction "ExfacrorGrup” LLC under a contract, according to which the total cost of the apartment is 29520 euros. In 2015, the judge paid the amount of 329 322 lei.

Elena Covalenco’s name is linked to several dubious cases.

Judge Ghervas holds shares in companies that are "on friendly terms" with the state

ghervas.jpgMaria Ghervas has been serving the SCJ since 2014.  She obtained one of the lowest scores among the candidates who participated in the contest for a seat at the SCJ.

In 2015, the judge, together with her family members, had an income of 700 thousand lei, obtained from salaries, teaching activities and interest rates. It is important to keep in mind that her husband is also part of the system, working in the Prosecutor General's Office.

Ghervas obtained a monthly pension of over 15 thousand lei after winning the lawsuit against the National Social Insurance House (CNAS), which was forced to recalculate her pension.

The Ghervas own a house worth 372 778 lei, an apartment worth 401 638 lei, a garage totaling over 40 thousand lei and a plot of land amounting to over 100 thousand lei.

The family declares only one car worth 220 thousand lei and financial assets of less than 10 thousand lei.

Additionally, the judge’s statement indicates per 2 shares in 3 joint stock companies: Belceanca, Montorul, Icam and a share in Triada SA. According to the information on the website of the Public Procurement Agency, ICAM SA won 75 contracts / procurement agreements with public institutions, worth over 13 million lei, of which four contracts worth 183 552 lei were signed in 2015.

The Millionaire Who Had a Narrow Escape from the National Integrity Commission

ala-cobaneanu.jpgAla Cobaneanu has been serving the SCJ since 2003. The judge’s name appeared in the article "New Millionaires of Moldovan Justice", published by the portal moldovacurata.md in 2014. Based on this article, the NIC started an investigation, but found that there was no breach of circumstances showing unconformity in her statement of income and property, and the judge closed the case.

In 2015, she took a salary of about 230 thousand lei, and another 5,000 lei were obtained from teaching activities. Cobăneanu had a pension exceeding 160 thousand  lei.

Since 2014, the judge owns a building site worth 171 569 lei and a dwelling house worth 536 424 lei. Since 2000, she has an apartment of more than 332 000 lei worth.

The judge’s car, Mitsubishi Outlander, was purchased in leasing in 2010 and  costs more than the apartment – 395 thousand lei. She ranked the fifth in the top "10 judges from the SCJ that have the most luxurious cars" carried out by ZDG 2013.

In 2014, the judge contracted a debt of 1.6 million lei with an interest rate of 10% annually. The due date of this credit is in 2028.

In 2012, Cobaneanu appeared in the list of judges, who received a negative evaluation from the citizens and in 2010 she was in the list of judges, responsible for sentencing at the ECHR.

‘Supreme’ Wealth of the SCJ president

Unlike the President of Supreme Court of Magistrates, who has a modest property compared to that of some of his colleagues, the president of the Supreme Court of Justice is the wealthiest judge of the institution. Mihai Poalelungi  has been president of SCJ since 2012. In 2008-2012 he was a judge at the ECHR.

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In 2015, the President of the Supreme Court of Justice had a salary of 300,951.01 lei (over 25 thousand lei per month), and 19668 lei form his teaching activities. In addition, Poalelungi had a pension of 195 479 lei. His wife, an employee at the Ministry of Justice, had a salary of 114 066 lei.

In 2015, the family did not make any purchases.

In the category of real estate property, he declared a land with a residential house worth 2.2 million lei (its market value is at least 5 mln lei) and an apartment worth 1694 lei (!).

According to Ziarului National, M. Poalelungi bought the house in 2012, shortly after being elected as president of SCJ by the parliament.

The spouses also own three cars, totaling the value of about 1.6 million lei. The financial assets of the family are quite impressive: 300 thousand euros with Victoribank and over 30 thousand euros with a bank in France.

 In the last competition for the selection of Supreme Court President, M. Poalelungi was the only candidate, which caused protests at the Superior Council of Magistrates.

The wealth of the SCJ judges in figures. Read more about other judges of the Supreme Court at  Crime Moldova "The income declarations for 2015 of the officials. The property of the members of the Supreme Court of Justice".

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