His family was deported to Siberia during the Soviet regime. Nicolae Timofti was born on 22 December 1948 in the village of Ciutuleşti, Soroca. In 1964, he finished school in Floreşti. In 1964 – 1967, he attended an evening school in Floresti. In 1967-1972, Timofti studied at the Faculty of Law of the State University of Moldova.
In 1974 - 1976 Nicolae Timofti served as senior consultant to the Ministry of Justice, and on 11 April 1976, he was elected judge in the former Frunze district of the capital. In 1980 – 1996, he served as a magistrate at the Supreme Court. In June 1990, he was elected Vice President of the Supreme Court.
In 1992, he enrolled in the Institute for training of judges in the US under the “US judicial system" program and in 1996, he attends the courses "ECHR Convention", organized under the auspices of UNDP.
In 1996, he was appointed President of the Court of Appeal of Moldova and was awarded the Labour Glory order. In 1998, he was conferred the title of Merited Person.
Before becoming the country's president, Nicolae Timofti dedicated himself to his profession, serving 36 years as a judge. The last position he held was the president of the Superior Council of Magistrates, prior to that he was judge of several instances, Vice President of the Supreme Court since 1989 and president of the Court of Appeal from where he was dismissed in 2001, shortly after coming to power of the Communist Party.
Nicolae Timofti was elected head of the state after five failed attempts of politicians from Chisinau to elect the president.
On 16 March 2012, the Parliament elected him as President of the Republic of Moldova. He was elected with all the 62 available votes, and one more from non-affiliated MP Mihai Godea (formerly LDPM). The Communist Party refused to vote.
He took the oath of the President of Moldova on 23 March 2012.
"I never involved in politics. My speech will not be a political one, but rather that of a citizen". With such words, the fourth President of Moldova Nicolae Timofti started his activity.
During Timofti’s mandate, the European agenda was a priority. According to tribuna.md, Moldova became closer to European ethical, political and economic values. In this regard, President Timofti had a series of meetings with political leaders of EU states or aspiring EU members, who believe in our country's European vocation; he also met with senior EU officials. Nicolae Timofti met with the President of European Commission Jose Manuel Barroso, the President of the European Council Van Rompuy, and the current President of the European Commission Donald Tusk. Additionally, the President of Moldova received the Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel in Chisinau. The Polish President Bronisław Komorowski and the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko paid official visits to Chisinau, too. The head of state had friendly and productive meetings with the Romanian presidents Traian Basescu and Klaus Johannis, as well as with the President of Lithuania Dalia Grybauskaite, who encouraged the European path, chosen by the people of Moldova and the pro-Western policy of President Timofti.
President Timofti had a responsible and trenchant policy in relations with the Russian Federation. On 10 October 2014, in Minsk, during the Summit of the Commonwealth of Independent States Council of Heads of State, Moldovan president, in the presence of his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin, raised the issue of embargo, imposed by the Russian Federation on Moldovan food products. The Russian President could not bring reasonable arguments in this regard. The Head of State made it clear that the motion is identical to a political sanction, given the entry into force of the Free Trade Area agreement between Moldova and the European Union.
On 27 June 2014 in Brussels, Moldova and the European Union signed the Association Agreement. On 8 July 2014, President Timofti signed the decree on the promulgation of Law no.112 of 2 July 2014 to ensure the ratification of the Association Agreement between EU and Moldova by the Moldovan Parliament. The European Parliament ratified the Association Agreement on 13 November 2014. Currently, Moldova-EU Association Agreement has been ratified by all the 28 EU member states. From 1 September 2014, the Agreement has partially entered into force and in the near future, it will come into full force. Another event that marked Nicolae Timofti's mandate was obtaining of a liberalized visa regime for Moldovan citizens, since April 28, 2014.
President Nicolae Timofti, together with his wife Margareta, has an annual income of over 500 thousand lei.
In 2014, Timofti had a salary exceeding 221 thousand lei and a pension of 195 thousand lei.
The first lady, engaged in the Parliament Secretariat, brought the family an income of 98 over 16 thousand lei, received as bonuses from work.
The head of state holds an apartment of 85.3 square meters, obtained in 1995 through a contract of sale and a plot of agricultural land of 0.0569 ha, with a cadastral value of 44 419 lei, acquired in 1996.
The President does not declare any vehicles or other property owned by him.
Nicolae Timofti’s mandate expired on 23 March 2016. However, he will be interim head of the state until the newly elected President takes the oath after the presidential election.