In 2005, railway stations and bus stations under the Ministry of Transport and Roads Infrastructure were reorganized by merger into Railway and Bus Stations State Enterprise. The newly created organization was registered on 22 June 2006 and began its operations on 1 July of the same year. Today, the company operates under the Ministry of Transport and Roads Infrastructure. The enterprise has in its subordination 29 branches (bus and railway stations) and 13 ticket offices, located in the republic.

The authorized capital of the company is 22,732,633 lei. Stefan Vieru runs the company. Vladislav Zara, one of the former executives of Railway and Bus Stations S.E., is now head of Medicines Agency.

In the local elections of 2015, two employees of the company were on the list of Democratic Party, running for the positions of councilor in the Chisinau Municipal Council: Sergiu Popovici (lawyer and deputy manager- no. 43) and Iurie Moroz (economist-accountant and deputy manager - no. 54).

The main activity of the Railway and Bus Stations S.E. is the sale of tickets, which constitutes 78.6% of the total revenues. However, people in the company, in collusion with a commercial agent from Soroca, found schemes to sell nonexistent tickets. Ranked the 34th in the list of major contributors to the state budget in 2015, Railway and Bus Stations S.E. is likely to come in the list of enterprises that most damaged the state budget.

On 14 July 2016, NAC (National Anticorruption Center) announced that three public persons from the Railway and Bus Stations S.E. and a commercial agent are suspected of embezzlement having damaged the state enterprise with over 4 million lei. Thus, the damage, found by the NAC, is equivalent to the net profit of the enterprise in 2015 (about 4.54 million lei).

The investigation established that in 2010 - 2016, officials of the Railway and Bus Stations S.E., together with the decision makers of a transport company, introduced into the electronic programs erroneous data about the sale of nonexistent tickets, the money (about 4, 5 million lei) was transferred to the bank accounts of the commercial agent from Soroca.

The scheme with nonexistent tickets was not the first fraudulent scheme implemented by the company. In 2009, the press wrote that for nearly two years, Railway and Bus Stations S.E. damaged long-distance passengers, applying a 4% commission on ticket sales. The scheme was revealed by the Agency for the Protection of Competition (now the Competition Council). The commercial agent that was found guilty of applying this fee motivated this surcharge by the fact that tickets for international routes are sold through a "unique ticketing software” that involves human and material costs. The commission was unjustified and, at the request of the former Transport Agency, had to be canceled, but the company administration did not comply with the decision and continued to charge it. Subsequently, the cancellation of the fee collection was approved by the Agency for the Protection of Competition.

Two years later, the enterprise got again in the focus of the Agency for the Protection of Competition, which established that Railway and Bus Stations S.E.  continued to abuse its dominant market position to the detriment of customers.  The services, provided by Railway and Bus Stations S.E., as it was in the case of the Railway Stations S. E., were not competitive. Thus, the Agency for the Protection of Competition stated in 2011 that Railway and Bus Stations S.E.  charged illegal fees for ticket sales (3 lei for domestic voyages and 3%  of the total cost for international), tax on individual transport for the entry of the stations (5 lei, practiced even today), fees for parking within the stations (10 lei). This time again, the Agency for the Protection of Competition requested cancellation of these fees, applying the company a fine of 700 thousand lei (equivalent of illegal revenues of the company in 2010). At the request of Vlad Plahotniuc, the then vice-speaker of the Parliament, the Agency started an investigation.

In 2008, the company got in the media spotlight again. ZDG wrote that many passengers on domestic routes traveled without tickets, and thus, Railway and Bus Stations S.E. annually lost tens of thousands of lei. In this case, the blame was on drivers that allowed, or even asked passengers not to buy tickets. Even today, this is a current practice.