On the official website of the Republic of Moldova Parliament was published a draft decision of the approval for the Plan of Actions (PA) for 2016. This PA was created for the implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy, designed for 2011-2016. At the moment the project is at the stage of examination.
The author of this draft is a group of deputies, including: a deputy from the Liberal Party V. Untila, a deputy from the Liberal Democratic Party O. Grama, two deputies from the Democratic Party Nichiforciuc E. and S. Tsutsu, as well as three independent deputies - A. Gorila , A. Reshetnikov and E. Carpov.
What goes around comes around
According to the explanatory note to this draft of the decision, the PA is divided into 4 parts, containing 12 priorities and 69 specific measures to ensure anticorruption actions.
The list of the anticorruption events for 2016 is quite big. In the explanatory note is mentioned that some actions (14) are constant and don’t have restrictions of their realizing time period. Those 14 actions are mentioned in the PA every year. Another part of the actions has specific deadlines - up to the end of 2016. These actions include only 9 new measures proposed by the state authorities and representatives of civil society. 14 points of the PA were taken from the PA for 2014-2015, and 32 more were borrowed from the governmental PA for the period 2016-2018.
Who should be afraid of PA?
According to the PA, in 2016 will the activities of many government agencies be checked. There will be examined the activitiy of the funds of health insurance and the Ministry of Education. Also the corruption risks will be checked out in the Mayors’s Office of mun. Chisinau and in the Аgency of Interventions and Payments for Agriculture. A number of articles and journalistic investigations, which were actually confirming the risks and suspicions about facts of corruption in those two agencies have been published.
Many activities are to control the political parties. There will be also changed the Law on financing of political parties and election campaigns, so to make impossible their financing from abroad. Authorities plan to study the transparency level of financing of political parties and election campaigns. The PA will also develop the methodological standards of inspection reports on income and expenses of political parties, as well as the development of methodological standards of corruption researches for election campaigns.
There will be also developed and approved behavior rules for the officials and their responsibilities. This group includes: custom workers, medical and pharmaceutical workers, teachers.
Anticorruption actions involve legislative changes. In 2016 there will be a large number of changes in the legislation, as well as completely new laws. Among them are changes in the Parliament Regulations – creating the Commissioner of the parliamentary integrity post; changes in the Criminal Code and Criminal Procedural Code(for the definition of "corruption crime" and to remove obstacles to investigate the acts of corruption); changes in the Court of Accounts law. There is also preparing a draft of law on the investigation of financial frauds, as well as the improvement of the legislation on illicit enrichment, etc.
The PA contains a number of actions related with the publication of regular reports by the responsible institutions; verification of all the candidates for public office, ensuring transparency of the cooperation of the responsible organizations; proving of the facts of corruption crimes; anticorruption trainings for the officials. Public awareness campaigns are also a part of the PA.
Most of the indicators in the PA can not be counted, so it is quite difficult to realize the degree of implementation of these activities. Nevertheless, we hope that the level of corruption in 2016 will be lower despite the fact of declarative character of PA (even if we risk to lose subjects for publications).
Among the government institutions responsible for the implementation of the PA are: the Central Election Commission, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the National Anticorruption Centre, the Ministry of Finance, the Parliament and others.
The National Anticorruption Center is also responsible for ensuring the monitoring and coordination of the PA. However, there are no published reports for previous years on the monitoring of the PA on the official website of the Center.
The National Anticorruption Strategy for 2011-2016 was approved on 27.07.11 by the Parliament Decision №154. The National Anticorruption Center is obliged to develop an annual plan of actions to implement the anticorruption strategy.