The only founder and manager of the Bercut guard and protection agency, Veaceslav Murzacov, spent several years in prison for resentment crimes, and is a close friend of the thief in law, Vladimir Moscalciuc, aka Makena. Moreover, Murzacov made him the head of Bercuts' fighting sports club for his accomplice, Vova Bezumnii, a former policeman of Makena at Penitentiary No. 15 in Cricova. On the other hand, the law prohibits persons who have been convicted of intentional crimes to carry out detective and security activities.
Veaceslav Murzacov. Source facebook.com
The Bercut security agency was established in 1999, and at the moment it became one of the largest in the country. According to an advertising spot, Bercut serves over 5,000 clients, including banks, foreign-owned enterprises, and state institutions. The administration boasts modern equipment, trained staff, firearms, cars.
Bercut, on the other hand, is the leader in scandals, after the company's employees have been involved in many crimes, mistreatment and even torture.
Although Murzacov's companies have their legal address in an apartment on Botanica Veche Street, the Bercut Agency's headquarters is located in a 800-square-meter building on 8/3 Costiujeni street of Codru, a suburb of Chisinau. The building was procured by Saturn Grup LLC, one of Murzacov’s companies, in 2014.
Being close to Codru town hall did not prevent Bercut from enclosing a portion of a public road where a car park was set up for the company's cars.
Murzacov's companies and state contracts
Bercut Grup was founded in 1999 and is currently managed by Vitalie Crăciun, and the founder is LLC Bercut Grup, technically founded in 2005 by Veaceslav Murzacov when he was in detention.
Veaceslav Murzacov is the sole founder and administrator of Saturn Grup LLC, founded in 2006. Until July 2016, Tatiana Paladi was the founder and administrator of Saturn Grup LLC, who was said to be an interposed person.
In May 2015, when he was already at large, Murzacov opened the agricultural company Codreanca-Agro LLC, and Sergiu Cojocar, who in turn is the founder of a security company, is appointed as administrator. All of these companies have their legal address in an apartment on the Botanica Veche street where Veaceslav Murzacov has a residence visa. The Codreanca-Agro LLC owns a share of the Moldovan-Turkish tourist company "Eni ortodigu tur", established in 1994.
In 2010, when Murzacov was still in prison, he founded the public union Berkut and Co Union for the purpose of "improving the services in the field of private security, representation of the rights and interests of the members of the association", and Murzacov was appointed president.
The organization's registration certificate was signed by Alexandru Tanase, the Minister of Justice of that period.
Until 2015, the private security companies were not allowed to provide services to state-owned enterprises and institutions, the subject being in heated discussions in 2012 in the government headed by former Prime Minister Vlad Filat. According to unimedia.md, the then Minister of Economy, Valeriu Lazar, wanted private companies to guard the state objectives, which Filat did not like at all. In the end, however, the legislation was modified so that private companies were given the right to grant security to any state objective, apart from the National Bank of Moldova, as well as deposits of weapons and ammunition or radioactive, toxic and dangerous substances.
Of the 24 private security companies, only two have won contracts with the state. It is Argus-S, founded by Otiv Prime Services B.V, belonging to DP leader Vlad Plahotniuc, and the administrator of the security company is Valentin Zubic, former deputy minister of the Interior during the CPRM government, and Murzacov's Bercut.
During the years 2015-2017 the Bercut-Grup LLC gained 1.63 million lei from the provision of security services to the Republican Hospital for Psychiatry, the General Directorate of Transport and Communication of the Chisinau City Hall, and to the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova.
According to sources, Veaceslav Murzacov knows the former president of the Constitutional Court.
According to a Courage TV report, Bercut agents would have been hired and guarded the Buiucani Court until 2015, though the law forbade it.
In the same way, Bercut was also employed to grant security to the Franzeluta SA in 2011. This one of the reasons of the discussions to withdraw their license.
Sentenced for racketeering and attempted murder
Veaceslav Murzacov, originally from Codreanca village, Straseni district, worked as a deputy head of the criminal police in the Botanica sector of the capital at the end of the 90's.
Besides being a policeman, Murzacov was also the head of an organized criminal group, which received security fees from economic agents, and in 1999 he "legalized his business" by opening Bercut.
The director of Cvin LLC, Serafima Botezat, owner of a restaurant network and shops, rejected the protection services offered by his brother Veaceslav Murzacov. Then the cop decided to punish his brother. In 2001, Serafima Botezat and her husband, Ion Manoli, survived marvelously after the explosion of a grenade that was hung on a personal car. In particular, the woman had to undergo several surgeries and rehabilitation treatments.
Later, it was established that those who placed the grenade are called Timofei Şutac and Vladimir Aga, alias Vova Bezumnîi, and the commander of the assassinate was the police officer, Murzacov.
The policeman was arrested on November 1, 2004, and on February 20, 2006, the magistrate Iurie Bejenaru, then President of the Buiucani Court, sentenced Murzacov to 15 years in prison "for premeditated murder committed in grasp, acquiring by blackmail owner's possession and influence peddling".
Murzacov was blamed and convicted under the 1961 Penal Code because the offenses were committed until the new Penal Code came into force, changed in 2002.
On May 17, 2010, the Supreme Court of Justice acquitted Murzacov for murder and reduced his sentence to seven years in prison, being found guilty of acquiring property through blackmail and influence peddling.
Timofei Şutac and Vladimir Aga received 14 years in prison.
Vladimir Aga with his disciple, the athlete Dragoş Zubco. Source: ok.ru
During his detention, Murzacov appealed to various politicians to solve his problem. In 2005, the former PPCD deputy, Ştefan Secăreanu, spoke about Murzacov's case at the Parliament. The MP asked the Prosecutor General to take action in the case of Veaceslav Murzacov, who was at that time in Penitentiary No.13. "I hope, colleagues, that the arguments of the General Prosecutor and the explanations of the President of the Superior Council of Magistracy will convince us that this file, like many others, is not one made and open to the command of some suspects or to the insistence of some oligarchic and mafiotic groups," Secareanu told the Legislative tribune.
After the government change, in 2009, Murzacov turned to Mihai Ghimpu, who was acting as interim president of the Republic of Moldova, hoping to get pardon.
The former AMN deputy, Ion Plesca, the current president of the Chisinau Court of Appeals, also had a word to say for Murzacov. Several sources have shown that Pleşca has known Murzacov since he was a judge in the Botanica sector, and he was even cocky. Incidentally or not, often at the door of Ion Plesca's house, on Pictor Ion Jumati Street in Chisinau, there is a car with the inscriptions of the Bercut Guard Agency.
Veaceslav Murzacov and his accomplices, Aga and Şutac, claimed the detention conditions at the European Court of Human Rights, and in 2016 they received from the Government 3,000 euros of damages.
The relationship with Makena
Veaceslav Murzacov has served his sentence in the Penitentiaries in Lipcani and Pruncul. While in Pruncul, Murzacov lived in a cell with Moscalciuc and was part of the criminal group he led.
In May 2011, a few months before his release, Murzacov was indicted in the Makena file, filed for extortion of money from detainees.
In 2014, another witness in the Makena file, Sergei Marcovțev, officially declared to prosecutors that Veaceslav Murzacov was Moscalciuc's man and that the latter had entrusted his former businessman with the former policeman. Marcovțev also said in his statement that the former policeman would have been the bridge between the Moscalciuc clan and the penitentiary administration.
Murzacov, who is already at large, escaped the Makena file, and Marcovțev, instead of being protected by law for his statements, is ill-treated in Prison No. 4 in Cricova, including by guardians.
According to a copy of a document that appears in a
RISE Moldova investigation, Murzacov would have paid big money to get rid of the Makena file.
About the collaboration and the common schemes between Moscalciuc and Murzacov, Malhaz Djaparidze spoke at the Odessa lawmakers' 2008 law meeting. A few months after the meeting, Malhaz died in a prison in the Republic of Moldova under suspicious circumstances, and Makena "became the unofficial master of prisons" in Moldova.
Vladimir Aga, called Bezumnii, was also in Vladimir Moscalciuc's criminal group, who after his release was appointed director of the Bercut Fighting Club, where he also acted as coach.
Vladimir Aga, the second on the right. Source: bercutclub.bercut.md
Scandals at the Bercut Agency
Over the years, the employees from Bercut have been involved in several scandals, which denotes that they are not very trained in legislation and human rights.
In the summer of 2011, the Bercut agency was involved in the Franzelutza scandal, when Eugen Baleca was dismissed as general manager. On the same day, on the basis of a court decision, he returned to office. At that time, the employees of the private company Bercut began to ensure the guarding of the company, which at that time was contrary to the law. Police had no access to Franzeluta for half an hour, although a bomb alert was announced at the company. People of the law could only enter the compound after the director, Eugen Baleca, came and opened the door. As a result, the Interior Ministry has asked the Licensing Chamber to check the private security firm for a possible license withdrawal. Eventually the case was closed.
In 2014, an employee of the Bercut security organization was sentenced to five years in prison for committing torture and deliberately injuring body integrity.
In December 2011, following an alarm signal from a gambling hall in Sângera city, Bercut employee went to the scene where a man had broken a window and refused to pay the damage. The security guard, who had the mission to just calm the spirits and call the police, hit the man several times, causing serious bodily injuries.
At the hearing, the prosecutors requested the court to sentence him to 7 years imprisonment in a closed prison, with the deprivation of the right to serve in public authorities and guard organizations for a 4-year term.
However, the court has imposed on the defendant a five-year prison sentence with a suspended sentence of five years and the deprivation of the right to exercise functions or activities related to the protection of goods or persons for a period of 4 years .
The prosecutors challenged the sentence and noted that several cases were recorded when employees of Bercut applied physical violence. In 2015, the Court of Appeal upheld the appeal by the prosecutor and issued a new ruling, whereby the defendant was sentenced to five years in prison with execution.
The prosecutors' attention was caught by the case of a policeman, who, outside his working hours, would have been tortured by Bercut employees.
In August 2017, the prosecutors announced that they had sued the criminal case filed for four Bercut employees. They were blamed by law enforcement for applying tear spray to a driver in 2016, hit him with legs and canes, causing severe physical pain and mental suffering. As a result of the violent actions of the agents, the man has suffered closed cranio-cerebral trauma, fractures of the ribs and nasal bones, right arm excursions, and other traumas. According to prosecutors, the victim has not resisted or even violated the law.
The security agency's administration replied with a public statement, accusing the victim of being aggressive, damaging their car, and then fleeing to the building of the former National Hotel.
In 2015 Bercut agencies were surprised to apply violence at a club in Orhei.
The employees from Bercut also noted the illegal detention of people, including civilian activists during the protests. Thus, paramilitaries have faced several times the civic activists Ghenadie and Oleg Brega.
In February 2016, the Bercut employees would have attacked several protesters, including socialist MPs, who opposed the construction of a 16-storey block of flats on the green field opposite the Afghanistan Heroes Park on Miron Costin Street in Chisinau.
Bercut's attacks on peaceful protesters are also confirmed by activist Andrei Donic, who claims he was assaulted by paramilitary guard employees while protesting at Cocos Nightclub.
In the summer of 2017, Bercut employees applied physical force to a group of young people who made a scandal because they were not allowed to stay in a place. The young people were later investigated for hooliganism.
The complicity of State Institutions
The article 22 of the Private Detective and Guard Act of July 4, 2003, stipulates that "the heads of private security organizations may be citizens of the Republic of Moldova, domiciled in the country who are 21 years of age and possess higher education, certified graduate qualification courses organized by the Ministry of Internal Affairs, are not on the narcologist or psychiatrist’s record, do not systematically violate public order and have not been convicted of intentional crime."
Operating authorizations for enterprises providing protection and security services are issued by the police and one of the conditions stipulates that the employees shall not be penalized for contraventions that violate public order and public security and have no criminal record for crimes committed intentionally.
The Saturn Group LLC has license A MMII - 051849, valid until August 24, 2021, issued by the State Licensing Chamber. The Licensing Chamber's database does not contain the license issued to Bercut Grup LLC.
The Police issued operating licenses for both Saturn Group LLC and Bercu Grup LLC.
In order to authorize the private security activity, the legal person concerned must submit to the police, in addition to the other documents, a statement on his own responsibility regarding the lack of criminal and contraventional record.