A company has started the construction of a residential complex of nine multi-storied blocks of flats. The land designed for construction is situated on the outskirts of Chisinau, on the edge of a forest, but runs the risk of landslide. It belongs to Diagaras LLC, a company controlled by Stati holding, and the construction and fitting work is carried out by Inamstro LLC, a company that has already been marked by a few scandals, related to the location of the construction site.
Inamstro Company promises that the Deleanu Residential Complex will be an ultramodern neighborhood made up of five-storied buildings, built in line with the most advanced technologies and will be commissioned in 2019.
Although the construction of only three blocks was started and the foundations of the other buildings were dug, Inamstro managed to sell about 30 of the future apartments and sign investment contracts.
The land of 3.6831 ha is situated at the exit of Chisinau, near the Balkan road, within the borders of Durlesti. Although the construction work has just begun, six blocks of the future residential complex have been recorded in the cadaster register as "future property".
According to the cadastral data, the land in question was sold by the Town Hall of Durlesti to Janels Company in September 1999, which in July 2002, sold it to the newly formed Dimiteh LLC. In August 2006, Diagaras LLC bought the land, but did not register the transaction with the cadaster until September 2014.
Over the years, the land had been used several times to pledge loans contracted from the Social Bank, one of three banks, liquidated after the "billion-theft" scandal, and was sequestrated until October 1, 2014. Despite this, the bank accepted the land as a pledge, and released a loan of 39 million on March 2, 2014.
A former employee of the General Directorate of Architecture, Urban Planning and Land Relations of the Chisinau City Hall, who asked not to disclose his name, told us that currently, the plot is a strip of forest and in the 1990s, there were massive landslides on it, "The land was in a pitiful condition, there were trees torn from the roots. This land plot is still subject to the risk of landslides. There are several underground springs there."
The former official believes the construction of the buildings will only increase the risk of landslide, "The load will be too heavy and the ground will most likely not resist, even if they say they will take special measures. And let's not forget that we are in a seismic area. "
Andrei Rotaru, director of the Arhicreativ design company has a similar opinion, "They cannot build anything there, the risks are enormous". Victor Ursu, head of a department at INGEOCAD Institute of Geodesy, Technical Prospects and Cadaster, also says, "It is not desirable to build on the lands subject to the risk of landslides. Modern technologies have developed, but anyway, the risks are too high."
On the other hand, the deputy mayor of Chisinau municipality, Nistor Grozavu, says there is no risk, because the company will erect a protective wall, "We have held several meetings to discuss this issue. We assessed the risks and undertook the necessary measures to prevent them. All this work is very expensive and the construction company has assumed the expenses."
An illegal building authorization?
The construction work on the respective land was authorized by the City Hall of Chisinau municipality. According to the building permit No. 60-c / 17 as of 23.02.17, signed by the deputy mayor Nistor Grozavu, chief architect of the capital, Sergiu Borozan, and former secretary of CMC, Valeriu Didencu, the application was filed by the administration of Inamstro LLC, which was authorized by Diagaras LLC by a power of attorney signed on August 15, 2016.
Several lawyers, contacted by CrimeMoldova, consider that Chisinau City Hall has exceeded its powers, because the building permit has to be issued by the local public administration, to which the land is referred. In this case, the issuance of the authorization was the responsibility of Durlesti Town Hall.
Asked by CrimeMoldova, Ion Arsenii, Deputy Mayor of Durlesti, said that Inamstro LLC had previously requested an authorization from Durlesti Town Hall, but the public authority refused to issue the permit because the land was at risk of sliding.
"We received a copy of the building permit, I do not know who sent it. However, we wrote to Chisinau City Hall that they violated the principle of local autonomy," Arsenii said.
Sergiu Borozan claims that the building permit was issued legally, "Durlesti is a suburb of Chisinau, and when it comes to such a project, especially in the vicinity of a national route, the authorization is released by the superior authority. At the same time, the land is at the border with Chisinau, and a part of it crosses the border and the cadastral number refers to Chisinau. The engineering networks also belong to Chisinau. What does Durlesti Ton Hall have to do with it? We've been checked by the NAC, everything is fine."
The interim mayor of Chisinau, Nistor Grozavu, in his turn, also claims that the issuance of the building permit was the responsibility of the Chisinau City Hall, "There are landslides on this land, but we have taken all the necessary measures. Durlesti Town Hall had previously approved a construction there, but they failed to take any prevention measures against landslides. Sometimes people err... We coordinated the authorization with Durlesti Town Hall".
"How can the authorization be illegal? It was signed by three decision-makers of the Chisinau City Hall. We are building and selling apartments. Every two weeks, the State Building Inspectorate checks our activity. We wouldn’t be able to work if the permit were illegal. The blocks must be connected to the aqueduct, to gas pipelines, all these networks belong to Chisinau. Do you think Durlesti will connect us? ", Nicolae Ionichi, the administrator of Inamstro Company said.
However, Viorel Furdui, director of the Congress of Local Authorizations of Moldova, considers that Chisinau City Hall has exceeded its powers. "It is out of the question. The suburbs of Chisinau enjoy autonomy. If the land is on the territory of Durlesti, then the permit had to be issued by the Town Hall. Otherwise, if the Town Hall does not have specialists in the field, then the local council should delegate the task to the Chisinau City Hall. If this had not been done, then the Chisinau City Hall exceeded its powers and violated the principle of local autonomy," Furdui told us.
Who are the entrepreneurs building the Deleanu Residential Complex
Inamstro, formerly Traial Service, with legal address in the village of Gordinesti, Rezina District, was founded in 2006 by Vitalie Verejan and Nicolae Ionichi. In 2016, Veronica Verejan was included in the list of founders.
Nicolae Ionichi is the manager of the company, and Vitalie Verejan is its financial director.
From the right: Metropolitan Vladimir, Vitalie Verejan and Nicolae Ionichi. Source: mitropolia.md
That company has been involved in several scandals. Thus, on April 2, 2014, the State Building Inspectorate carried out an unannounced check at the construction site on 17 Ismail Street and found that Inamstro LLC demolished the existing building with the excavation of the foundation pit in the absence of a permit and contrary to the provisions of the urban planning certificate, especially given that the building was an architectural monument. The State Building Inspectorate issued a prescription for shutting down the work, but on April 15, 2014, the Inspection found that Inamstro continued the work despite its prescription.
Inamstro sued the Chisinau City Hall, demanding the issuance of the urbanism certificate for the construction of two residential blocks on Ciocarliei Street. The reason given by the City Hall was that the area was under the "R1 - b" code, which allows the location of isolated single dwellings. The construction of the block also stirred the concerns of the local residents. However, the company considered that its right to complete the building documentation was disregarded. On March 19, 2012, the Chisinau Court of Appeal upheld the action brought by Inamstro and the construction of the block of flats was completed.
In 2013, there were some clashes between the residents of several blocks on Milescu Spataru Street and employees of Inamsto, who started the construction of a shopping center in the vicinity.
Diagaras LLC was set up in 1999 and is said to be part of the Stati holding. The affiliation of the respective company to the richest citizen of the Republic of Moldova was confirmed by Nicolae Ionichi. "It is not registered into the name of Mr. Stati, but Diagaras belongs to him."
The initial founder of the company was Aurel Marinescu, former bodyguard of the businessman Anatolie Stati, and then vice president of Stati Holding.
Aurel Marinescu and Gabriel Stati. Source: flux.md
From May 2016 until December, the company changed its founders several times, from Marinescu Aurel to Ozerov Elena, then to Plesca Vadim, and eventually Lilian Moisei became the sole founder and manager of the enterprise.
Lilian Moisei and Vadim Plesca. Source: facebook.com
Moisei Lilian appears as the founder and administrator of Sand Explorer LLC, whose founder is also Larisa Stati, Anatolie Stati’s wife.
Diagaras LLC is the founder of four other companies, two of which are managed by Vadim Plesca.
Vadim Plesca is the founder and manager of Garant Rapid, based at 7 Bogdan Voievod St, in the New City housing complex, built by Diagaras LLC.
In 2013, following a suspicious decision of the Center District Court of Chisinau, Rapid Garant Company obtained the right to lease a land plot of 4.3 hectares in Valea Trandafirilor Park for ten years.
It is curious that the court took the decision on August 2, 2013, while Garant Rapid was set up on October 8, 2013.
The suspicious seizure of the land caused a tough reaction of the civil society, the case being widely publicized in the press.
Chisinau City Hall challenged the decision of the Center District Court dated August 2, 2013, and in 2015, the Supreme Court of Justice decided that the transfer of the land was illegal and ordered the cancellation of the record made in the Cadaster documents.
According to p.48 of the General Town Planning Regulation, the authorization of construction work in areas exposed to natural risks is strictly limited, but for the constructions that do not cause natural risks or are intended to limit their effects. According to the document, natural hazards include landslides, pond formation, torrential leaks, erosions, avalanches, rock movements, floods and others.
In Chisinau, there are over 60 areas with the risk of landslides with private houses, blocks and kindergartens on them, and the local authorities say they cannot intervene because they have no money.