The Parliament postponed the voting The Code of Ethics and Deportment of deputies bill. The legislative initiative requires that elected officials have to follow a certain standard, otherwise they will be sanctioned.
According to the Code, the deputies are not allowed to solicit or accept gifts, services, favors, invitations by themselves or theirs families as gratitude for fulfilling or not theirs obligations. Moreover, the deputies must avoid the conflicts of interest, the uncensored talk and inappropriately behavior in Parliament.
The project aims are to establish the rules of deportment for the members of the Parliament while being an official and performance of parliamentary duties with honesty, integrity and respect for the law. At the same time the project aims are to ensure more transparency to strengthen society's trust in the deputies’ activities.
The project also proposes to establish a new Parliament function – the Ethics Commissioner, who will be responsible for ensuring the compliance of the Code by the deputies. At the same time, the document describes in details the procedure of investigation, examination and sanctioning the deputies for the violations of this Code.
The officials could be sanctioned in many ways: reprimand; public apology; loss of the compensations; returning the gift to the donor (or the equivalent amount of money or benefit); repayment of any profit, advantage and benefit received illegally; reimburse the compensations received as a member of the Parliament. In case of non-compliance to the Code, the deputy can be temporary suspended from participation in all or a part of the Parliament’s activities for a period that can last from 2 to 10 days.
The deputies from the Communist and the Socialist parties have criticized the initiative, and then Andrian Candu proposed to postpone the vote to May 13.
The civil society has criticized the previous legislative initiative. The experts from the Center for Analysis and Prevention of Corruption criticized the selection procedure of the Ethics Commissioner.
Moreover, the analysis group identified several elements of corruptibility as well as mechanisms for sanctioning the deputies, the selection procedure of the Ethics Commissioner, the fact that the majority of the representatives of the parliamentary fractions will select the Commissioner.
The initiative belongs to the deputy from the LDPM Tudor Deliu, who studied the similar codes of the 14 EU countries, CIS, North America and Australia.